Diseases of Retina and Vitreous


Treatment of retinal diseases is the main service of (Amman Eye Clinic); since it is the subspecialty of Professor Mohammad Abusamak, the founder of this highly respected clinic.

Vitreous is the clear gel that fills most of your eye. It helps to maintain the shape of the eyeball.

Retina is the light-sensitive film at the back of your eye. It captures light and sends it to the brain where it is turned into images. And this is much like the photographic camera.

Retinal Clinic Imaging and Tests

  1. OCT Imaging

OCT is a non-invasive test that aids in the diagnosis and monitoring of retinal diseases. The procedure uses light to scan the layers of the retina, allowing for a detailed examination of your eye. OCT machine can also help us imaging the blood vessels of the retina without getting the side effects of stains of traditional imaging techniques; and this is important for patients with kidney failure and allergy.

2) Amsler Grid

The Amsler grid is a web used to simply and effectively monitor any changes in your central vision. It is contained on a square piece of paper with a dot in its center. It may be placed on a mirror, refrigerator or other prominent place at home to routinely check out your vision.

3) Retinal Fluorescein Angiography

Retinal fluorescein angiography is a test that allows the doctor to see clear images of retinal blood vessels. Fluorescein stain is injected into a vein, usually in your arm. Multiple photographs are then captured as the stain goes from your arm to your eye through the blood vessels. Following the procedure, your vision may be blurry due to the bright lights, or you may notice a yellowish discoloration of urine and skin for several hours.

4) Fundus Photography

Fundus photography is a procedure used to assess the appearance of the retina (the layer at the back of your eye). It is obtained with the use of a high-magnification camera and allows your doctor to compare the appearances of your retina over time. There is no exposure to radiation during this procedure.

Retinal Clinic Treatments

1) Injections in the Eye

Injections of medicines into the eye are often recommended for such patients as those with diabetic eye disease, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and other diseases. The procedure is performed in the office and is generally well-tolerated. Patients may receive injections at several occasions depending on their condition. Before injecting the medicine, the eye is prepared with topical anesthetic and antibiotic eye drops. A small tool (speculum) is used to keep the eye open during the procedure. A small amount of medicine is then injected into the eye with a tiny needle, followed by antibiotic eye drops.

2) Peripheral Laser Treatment

Peripheral laser can be used to treat retinal breaks and some cases of diabetic eye disease and vein occlusions. The treatment can be given either through a lens touching the eye, or through a lens away from it. Sometimes, the laser treatment can be uncomfortable.

3) Central Laser Treatment

Central laser is typically given for diseases with fluid accumulation in the macula (the center of your retina). Treatment is delivered through a lens touching your eye. There is no associated pain or decrease in vision, since it is not a hot laser.


We are proud to bring you the first imaging technology for the retina in Jordan; the AngioVue OCT. This imaging technique is safe, fast and can be repeated many times. It is very accurate and enables eye doctors to diagnose retinal diseases very early.

Feel free to call and ask us about it

In our clinic (Amman Eye Clinic), we are proud of our large experience in performing all types of retinal surgeries, and their excellent long-term results.

If you have any questions regarding retinal diseases, please do not hesitate to call (Amman Eye Clinic) for further information.

Feel free to call and ask us about it

Laser treatment of the Retina

Management of Fluid Accumulation in Diabetic Eye Disease (Diabetic Macular Edema)

Management of Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)