what is cataract ?


A cataract is a condition which causes clouding of the natural lens in the eye, resulting in blurry vision. The normal lens is usually not visible because it is transparent and situated behind the iris, which is the colored portion of the eye. The lens is mostly made up of water and proteins. These specific proteins provide the lens its transparent structure. Any change in these proteins can alter the clarity of the lens and negatively impact vision. The lens becomes cloudy when a cataract occurs and may be seen as a white cloudy ball in the center of the iris.

What are the symptoms of cataract?

Here are some vision changes you may notice if you have a cataract:

  • Having blurry vision.
  • Seeing double (when you see two images instead of one).
  • Being extra sensitive to light.
  • Having trouble seeing well at night, or needing more light when you read.
  • Seeing bright colors as faded or yellow instead.

What can cause a cataract in my eye? 

The development of a cataract is common in aged individuals due to changes that occur in the structure of the lens proteins. Cataract can also be inherited or can develop in infants as a result of infections in the mother during pregnancy. They can form as a complication of other diseases, such as glaucoma or diabetes, or can develop after certain injuries. Prolonged use of corticosteroid inhalers and eye drops, and excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays, X-rays and radiotherapy, can increase the risk of cataract formation.

If I think I have a cataract, how can my eye doctor confirm this?

Your doctor will perform a Visual Acuity Test where you read an eye chart from a particular distance with one eye at a time. The doctor then examines the cornea, iris, and lens to detect any abnormalities.

How can my cataract be treated?

Surgery is the only treatment for cataract and is recommended based on the severity of the disease and the impact it has on your daily activities.

In our clinic (Amman Eye Clinic), we are proud of our large experience in performing cataract surgeries, with all its types, and their excellent long-term results.

If you have any questions regarding this disease (cataract) and its treatment, please do not hesitate to call (Amman Eye Clinic) for further information.